5A Lithium MPPT Solar Charger – Set Up Instructions

5A MPPT Controller

Instructions for setting up the MPPT-V08A Lithium Solar Charge Controller with CN3722

The information in the listings for these modules is virtually incomprehensible so after a bit of trial and error I’ve worked out how to set the maximum output current for your solar panel and the cut off voltage for your batteries. The instructions below are using the following items.

12 V 10 W Solar Panel from AliExpress
MPPT Solar Charge Controller from eBay or AliExpress
Two 18650 batteries and holder

Solar Panel MPPT 18650

5A MPPT Adjustments

Step 1

First turn the voltage pot fully anti-clockwise and turn the MPPT pot fully clockwise. You will be able to hear them click when they are fully turned.

Step 2

Connect the solar panel but don’t connect the batteries.
Connect a voltmeter across the battery terminals.
Turn the MPPT pot anticlockwise until a voltage reading appears and the LED flashes blue

Step 3

Connect batteries that aren’t fully charged via an ammeter.
Turn the voltage pot clockwise until a reading appears and the LED turns red.

Step 4

Adjust the MPPT pot to reach the highest value on the ammeter. This is the maximum charging current your solar panel can provide.

Step 5

Charge the batteries in a quality charger until they are full.
Connect the charged batteries.
Slowly turn  the voltage pot anti-clockwise until the current shown on the ammeter is 0. This is the cut off for charging when the batteries are full IE the maximum charging voltage.

Advice

Note that the above is just a tutorial for setting up these devices. Your finished system must include battery balancing so your batteries are evenly charged. Without a balancing system your maximum charging voltage could be unevenly distributed. For example if your maximum is set at 16.8 for 4 batteries you might expect them all to be topped up to 4.2v but without the BMS they are could have any value that adds up to 16.8v. Some of them could be overcharging.

23 Replies to “5A Lithium MPPT Solar Charger – Set Up Instructions”

  1. WES DENARO says:

    I purchased one of these very small controllers on Ebay, to keep a Sealed Lead Acid battery charged. But no instructions… a Google search lead me to your post on the subject.

    Thank you, for what seems to be the ONLY instructions on how to set this MPPT charger up!
    Much appreciated.
    Cheers!

  2. Foenti says:

    Thank you VERY much for this good Instruction !!! I found nowhere a instruction for this controller.

  3. DrG says:

    Thanks for making sense out of the Chinglish coming with the Banggood product description – very helpful to configure this nice PCB.

    Additional info: According to the CN3722 documentation, pin 6 provides the option to connect an NTC for temperature control of the battery for extra safety. Since there is no soldering point prepared connecting it requires good soldering skills.

  4. Javad Ali says:

    Will this charge controller work with a renogy 100w solar panel running at 5.72A?

    1. WordBot says:

      Looks like 5A is the limit so if you have bright sunshine it will probably be too much for the device.

  5. Daijoubu says:

    An Youtuber tester it under load, at lower voltage, 3A seems to be the limit, otherwise you’ll need to add a little fan or more heatsinking

  6. J Short says:

    My voltage and MPPT pots turn forever with no clicking, I wonder if mine are broken.

    1. WordBot says:

      it’s a surprising amount of turning before they click. Unlikely they are both broken but possible.

    2. J Baker says:

      It does take quite a few turns

  7. JL says:

    Thanks for the instructions! I have some maybe dumb questions:
    What is the default setup for this charger out of the box? All of these setup directions are great, but it would be nice to know if we need to do all of these steps for every charger.
    Is there a way to do a check to see what the max charge voltage and the max charge current is?
    For steps 2 and 4, do you need to have the solar panel exposed to maximum sunlight, or does it matter if it is exposed to any sunlight?

    1. WordBot says:

      It’s been a while since I used it. I think the specs are in the advert but it’s only really designed for smaller panels. Maximum sunlight I think. It’s setting up to maximise for the available current at that point and then it should keep that as the voltage changes.

  8. Jason says:

    I just got one of these completed step 1, on step 2 I get no voltage or led ever no matter what I do with the mppt pot. Any ideas?

    1. WordBot says:

      Does the pot start clicking when you turn it loads of times? Someone else mentioned they didn’t get any clicking which might mean they are sending them with bad pots.

      1. Jason says:

        It does click as per the step 1 instructions when when I go to step 2 I get no voltage, no lights

        1. WordBot says:

          What voltage is the panel?

          1. Jason says:

            It is a 12v panel.

  9. Michael says:

    Thanks for posting these instructions, search engines are really no help or fun anymore. Q? I have 3 of these I’m considering using together, splitting up a high voltage/current panel. One utuber said 3 was about the max. Is there a process for balancing them equally?
    Truth is I have hooked two of them up to a 160 watt/17v 8amp panel. This was before I saw that and came across your directions.
    Thanks for any suggestions ..

    1. WordBot says:

      Hi, I don’t really understand what you want to do. Is it charge 3 batteries from one panel? I would be concerned that if one or two boards shut down, then remaining one will go pop. I don’t know how you would balance the draw across the three devices.

      1. Michael says:

        No, one panel , three chargers for one battery , panel is 8 amps 160watt ,so I’m thinking how about three chargers 5amp max sharing the current..
        And considering that one could fail and cause the others/other to over load, yes perhaps.. Im thinking I need to set up the chargers one at a time on a smaller panel or source before hooking them up in parallel with the 8amp panel. It might be impossible to balance them out and they might be teetering back and fourth . Though with 3 of them it might be more practical. Anyhow I’m a newbie, I don’t know to much and can prove it ..lol
        Thanks for any thought.

        1. WordBot says:

          I don’t think this will ever work because the chargers will be completely confused. Much better to buy a single charger spec’d for the job. Here’s a good forum where you can ask advice – https://diysolarforum.com/ tell them your battery and panel spec and they will tell you your options for a charger.

  10. Michael says:

    I was reading up about that last night.
    Not a good thing to do. Thanks for info..

  11. Lee says:

    What would this look like connected to the rest of my project? There are no output terminals back to what I am trying to power. Would I have a second set of wires coming from the battery terminals that would allow me to power my project?
    Solar >> Charge Battery >> Battery powers device. Thanks!!

    1. WordBot says:

      Yep, you would have the battery also connected to the project. However, I don’t know what will happen if you are drawing a lot of power at the same time as charging. This might confuse the charger. I have mine set with a three way switch so it can be charging OR powering the project but not both.

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